TOP 10 MOST SPOKEN LANGUAGES IN AFRICA
Africa has a high linguistic diversity with an estimated 1500-2000 different languages. These different languages are categorised into six major language families: Afroasiatic languages, Austronesian languages, Indo-European languages, Khoe languages, Niger-Congo languages, and Nilo-Saharan languages. According to research Nigeria alone accounts for over 500 languages, which makes it one of the greatest concentrations of linguistic diversity in the world. Here are the top 10 most spoken African Languages:
Arabic is a Central Semitic language, and it is spoken by 422 million people worldwide.
In African it is spoken by estimated 150 million people. Egypt alone accounts for over 54 million speakers. It is an official language in Algeria, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.
English is a West Germanic language, and it’s spoken by over 700 million people worldwide. It is the official language of several African countries. There are about 130 million speakers in Africa.
French is a Romance language, and it is the official language of 29 countries worldwide. There are approximately 115 million speakers in Africa.
Swahili is also known as Kiswahili, it is a Bantu language and it is the official language of several African countries. It is an official language in Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. There are approximately 100 million speakers in Africa.
Berber is also known as Amazigh languages is a group of closely related languages that makes up the Afroasiatic family. It is spoken in West and North Africa. It is spoken by about 56 million African speakers.
Hausa is the Chadic language, which is a branch of the Afroasiatic language family. It is an official language in Nigeria, Niger, and it is also spoken in Benin and Ghana. It is spoken by approximately 50 million African speakers.
Portuguese is a West Romance language native to Portugal, Brazil and more. It is also the official language of some African countries. There are approximately 30 million speakers in Africa.
Yoruba is a West African language spoken mainly in Nigeria, Togo and Benin. Yoruba is also used in other countries, also beyond Africa in the Americas and the Caribbean. There are approximately 28 million speakers in Africa.
Oromo is an Afroasiatic language spoken in the Horn of Africa, mainly in Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya. It is also spoken is South Africa, Libya, Sudan, Somalia and Egypt. There are about 26 million speakers in Africa.
Fulani also known as Fula or Fulah is a language of various dialects spoken in West and Central Africa. It belongs to the Niger-Congo family. There are about 25 million speakers in Africa.